时间:2019-12-13 16:18:29 作者:醋可以洗头吗 浏览量:63855

Dancing was a monomania with Philip III. of Spain and Portugal, and his Prime Minister distinguished himself as the best dancer of his time鈥攖he result being that the whole aristocracy of Spain and Portugal became affected by the dancing rage, which was ridiculed by Manuel de Mello.All forms of music competently rendered, it is said, had a fascination for Queen Victoria, a taste which from childhood she encouraged, and to which she devoted much attention. John Bernard Sale, organist of St. Margaret鈥檚, Westminster, and subsequently organist of the Chapel Royal, gave her her first lessons in singing in 1826,[166] and 鈥渟he developed a sweet soprano voice, and soon both sang and played the piano with good effect.鈥 In 1836 Lablache became her singing-master, and he gave her lessons for nearly twenty years. The harp was her instrument, and Grisi was her ideal vocalist.

An amusing and familiar story is told of Charles V., who, being curious to know the sentiments of his meanest subjects concerning himself, would often go incognito and mix in such companies as he felt inclined. One night, at Brussels, his boot{177} requiring immediate attention, he was directed to a cobbler. It happened to be St. Crispin鈥檚 day, and the cobbler was in the height of his jollity among his acquaintances. The Emperor acquainted him with what he wanted, and offered him a handsome gratuity.景深预览 Many anecdotes have been recorded of his musical pursuits, his behaviour on the occasion of the performance of Graun鈥檚 Te Deum, after the termination of the Seven Years鈥 War, in 1763, being specially noteworthy. The orchestra and singers, who had assembled in the royal palace at Charlottenburg at the time commanded, found to their surprise that there was no audience assembling. But after having waited some time, wondering whether the performance of the Te Deum was to take place, or whether there had been some mistake in the hour, they observed a side door being opened at the end of the hall opposite them, through which the King entered alone, and, sitting down in a corner, bade them commence.{391} At some of the full choruses he held his hands before his eyes to conceal his tears, and, at the close of the performance, having thanked them by a slight inclination of his head, he retired through the side door by which he had entered. It is said that the Emperor was so prepossessed by the compositions of Graun, that hardly any other composer had a chance of finding favour with him.2010大乐透走势图Hunting the boar in the forests which surrounded the royal residence of Cintra was the great delight of Don Sebastian. We are told that he always dismounted to give the coup de grace to the boar. Sometimes the wounded beast turned upon his assailant, but none of the cavaliers presumed, however desperate the struggle, to interfere between the King and his savage foe.2010大乐透走势图The pulpit is usurped by each impostor;2010大乐透走势图

2010大乐透走势图2010大乐透走势图Charles V. of Spain had a decided taste, and, as it would seem, talent for mechanical pursuits, and when in Germany had invented a carriage for his own accommodation. After his abdication he would often amuse himself, with his companion Torriano, in making little puppets鈥攕oldiers performing their exercises, girls dancing with their tambourines, and if the account be true, wooden birds that could fly in and out of the window.[58] When he entered Nuremberg, of the many forms of welcome which he there encountered, none pleased him more than the artificial eagle which flew to meet him.[59]Music was a source of supreme delight to the Prince Consort, and in musical compositions he acquired considerable technical skill. His favourite instrument was the organ. On the 9th of October, 1840, Lady Lyttelton writes from Windsor Castle: 鈥淵esterday evening, as I was sitting here comfortably after the drive, by candlelight, reading M. Guizot, suddenly there arose from the room beneath, oh, such sounds!... It was Prince Albert playing on the organ, modulating so learnedly, wandering through every kind of bass and chord till he wound up in the most perfect cadence, and then off again louder and louder. I ventured at dinner to ask him what I had heard. 鈥淥h, my organ! a new posses{384}sion of mine. I am so fond of the organ! It is the first of instruments, the only instrument for expressing one鈥檚 feelings.鈥漑165]2010大乐透走势图

The following verses, entitled 鈥淭he Charms of Silvia,鈥 were addressed by Frederick, Prince of{369} Wales, who cultivated a taste for literature, to his consort:鈥2010大乐透走势图2010大乐透走势图

2010大乐透走势图2010大乐透走势图鈥淩especting D鈥攔, I have spoken with our gracious monarch, and likewise with Count Dietrichstein. I do not know whether this recommendation will be of use, as there is to be a competition for the appointment in question, in which any one, wishing to obtain it, has to prove his fitness. It would be a gratification to me if I could be useful to that clever man, whom I heard with pleasure playing the organ last Monday in Baden, especially as I am convinced that you would not recommend an unworthy person.

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2010大乐透走势图We hear, too, of Charles IX. figuring at a tournament, with a party of gay and festive followers, all of whom, King and courtiers, fought in the lists attired as women.鈥淚 hope you have written down your canon, and I pray you, in case it might be injurious to your health to come to town, not to exert yourself too soon out of attachment to me.鈥擸our well-wishingThis incident reminds us of Catherine of Braganza, who tried to introduce short skirts, being desirous, as Lady Carteret told Pepys, 鈥渢o have the feet seen,鈥 probably, it is said, owing to her having, like most of her countrywomen, small, well-turned feet; but, despite her exhibiting herself in this new fashion, she found few imitators, the ladies of the Court adhering to their long-flowing draperies.

At Shrovetide soon afterwards, in a grand banquet given at Westminster, Henry, with the Earls of Essex, Wiltshire, and Fitzwalter, appeared in Russian costume, 鈥渨ith furred hats of grey, each of them having a hatchet in hand, and wearing boots with peaks turned up.鈥 The King鈥檚 sister, the Princess Mary, danced a masquing ballet, hiding her face under a black gauze mask, as 鈥渟he had assumed the character of an Ethiop queen.鈥2010大乐透走势图In the following year he passed over to England, where, in the space of four months, he completed his knowledge of shipbuilding. After receiving every mark of respect from William III., he left this country accompanied by several English shipbuilders and carpenters, whom he treated with great liberality in his naval dockyards, and subsequently he is said to have written several essays on naval matters.2010大乐透走势图鈥淥h, death! rock me asleep,2010大乐透走势图


Alone in prison strange,


Faint in his wounds, and shivering in the blast,And, as Dr. Doran tells us, the qualifications for a Court fool were extraordinary, as may be gathered from the following incident. A cowherd, Conrad Pocher, was once sent afield with a sickly boy to{319} attend him, when, out of compassion, he hung him to the branch of a tree. He was tried for murder, but defended himself with such humour鈥攁rguing that he had greatly helped the little cow-boy鈥攖hat Philip the Upright, Elector Palatine, made him official jester. Another cowherd who gained a similar distinction was Clause Hintze, Court fool to Duke John Frederick of Stettin, who so gained his patron鈥檚 favour as to be made by him lord of the village of Butterdorf. One of his successors was Hans Miesko, a wretched imbecile, but who was specially honoured at his death by a funeral sermon being preached over him.


In an old account-book of the monarchs of{186} France, we find that in 1392 there was paid about 锟8 of our present money for three packs; and the accounts of the jeweller to Queen Marie of Anjou contain this entry: 鈥淥n the 1st of October, 1454, to William Bouchier, merchant, two games of cards and two hundred pins, delivered to Monsieur Charles of France, to play with, and amuse himself, five sals tournois.鈥滻t is recorded that Nero, during a dangerous illness, made a vow that if he recovered he would dance the story of Turnus in Virgil; and the great Scipio Africanus amused himself with dancing, 鈥渘ot,鈥 writes Seneca, 鈥渢hose effeminate dances which announce voluptuousness and corruption of manners, but those manly, animated dances in use among their ancestors, which even their enemies might witness without abating their respect.鈥 Indeed, dancing has always been a favourite amusement amongst all classes of society, having from an early period been countenanced by the example of the Court. Thus it is said that Edward II. paid one Jack of St. Albans, his painter, for dancing on the table before him, and making him laugh excessively.

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Charles II., it is said, enjoyed fun as much as any of the youngest of his courtiers. On one of his birthdays a pickpocket, in the garb of a gentleman, obtained admission to the drawing-room, and extracted a gold snuff-box from a gentleman鈥檚 pocket, which he was quietly transferring to his own when he suddenly caught the King鈥檚 eye. But the fellow was in no way disconcerted, and winked at Charles to hold his tongue. Shortly afterwards his Majesty was much amused by observing the nobleman feeling one pocket after another in search of his box. At last he could{269} resist no longer, and exclaimed, 鈥淵ou need not, my lord, give yourself any more trouble about it; your box is gone, and I own myself an accomplice: I could not help it, I was made a confidant.鈥


Leopold the 鈥淎ngel,鈥 second son of the Emperor Ferdinand, would rear the most odoriferous plants, but inflicted on himself the mortification of never going near enough to smell them, imagining that by this act of self-denial he was thereby adding a step to a ladder of good works, 鈥渂y which he hoped to scale heaven!鈥滱t the Court of James I. both King and Queen maintained a fool; and we find the latter paying thirteen shillings a week 鈥渇or the diet and lodging of Tom Derry,鈥 who seems to have been held of some importance, since a gallery at Somerset{332} House where he used to loiter and make jokes was named after him. We find Sir Thomas Jermyn, Sir Ralph Sheldon, and Thomas Badger mentioned as 鈥渇ools or buffoons,鈥 and on Sir Edward Zouch, Sir George Goring, and Sir John Finett was bestowed the honour of being 鈥渢he chief and master fools.鈥 Archie Armstrong was a special favourite of James, and seems to have been on familiar terms with him, and Howell thus writes of him: 鈥淥ur cousin Archie hath more privilege than any; for he often goes with his fool鈥檚 coat when the Infanta is with her meninas and ladies of honour, and keeps a blowing and a blustering among them, and flirts out what he lists.鈥 After the death of James he passed into the service of Charles, but his fall came through his insulting Laud鈥攚hom he hated鈥攂y saying the following grace in his presence: 鈥淕reat praise be to God, and little laud to the devil.鈥


Louis XIII. was adverse to gambling in any form, but Louis XIV. gave it every encourage{189}ment. Madame de Sevign茅 thus describes a gaming party at which she was present: 鈥淚 went on Saturday with Villars to Versailles. I need not tell you of the Queen鈥檚 toilette, the mass, the dinner鈥攜ou know it all; but at three o鈥檆lock the King rose from table, and he, the Queen, monsieur, madame, mademoiselle, all the princes and princesses, Madame de Montespan, all her suite, all the courtiers, all the ladies, in short, what we call the Court of France, were assembled in that beautiful apartment which you know.鈥 She then describes how 鈥渁 table of reversi (a compound of loo and commerce) gives a form to the crowd, and a place to every one. The King is next to Madame de Montespan, who deals; the Duke of Orleans, the Queen, and Madame de Soubise; Dangeau & Co., Lang茅e & Co.; a thousand louis are poured out on the cloth鈥攖here are no such other counters.... There is always music going on, which has a very good effect; the King listens to the music, and chats to the ladies about him. At last, at six o鈥檆lock, they stop playing; they have no trouble in settling their reckonings; there are no counters鈥攖he lowest pools are five, six, seven hundred louis, the great ones a thousand, or twelve hundred. They put in five each at first, that makes one hundred, and the dealer puts in ten more鈥攖hen they give four louis each to whoever has Quinola (the knave of hearts). Some pass, others play; but whenever you play without winning the pool, you must pay in sixteen to teach you how to play rashly; they talk altogether, and forever, and of everything.{190}鈥