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重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线

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THE ARRIVAL OF THE ENGLISHMEN IN VIRGINIA.The passage of the strait was successfully made in the remarkable time of sixteen days, and on the sixth of September the little fleet emerged in the sea of their desire on the 鈥渂ackside鈥 of America.

On the night of their arrival at the deserted villages, before placing his sentinels, Lane informed his company of the situation they were in, and of his belief that they had been betrayed and 鈥渄rawen foorth upon a vaine hope to be in the ende starved,鈥 and he left it to be determined by the majority whether they should venture the spending of all their victuals in further voyaging onward with the hope of better luck above, or return. 337That the matter might not be acted upon hastily, he advised them to reserve their decision till the next morning. At that time they resolved almost unanimously, 鈥渘ot three of the contrary opinion,鈥 that, 鈥渨hile there was one-half pint of corn for a man, they should not leave the search of that river.鈥 If the worst fell out they had two mastiffs with them, and they could make shift to live on a 鈥減ottage鈥 of these dogs with sassafras leaves, for two days, which time, they then returning, would bring them down the current back to the entrance to the sound. They would patiently fast for two days, 鈥渞ather than to draw back a foot till they had seen the Mangoaks either as friends or foes.鈥北京免税店 XXII JAMESTOWN重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线The start on the western course, directly into the Pacific, was made about the middle of April. But almost immediately, in order to get a wind, it was necessary to steer somewhat northerly instead of due west. And thus northward the ship continued to sail, 鈥渟ix hundred leagues at the least,鈥 for some fifty days, or till the third of June, when she had come, as the chronicler recorded, 鈥渋n 43 degrees towards the pole Arctike.鈥 The air had now grown so cold that the voyagers, coming from a torrid climate, were 鈥済rievously pinched鈥 by it. On the fifth of June, because of the increasing cold, and of contrary winds, they thought it best to seek the shore.重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线The titles of the three-volumed second edition set forth the contents of each book with the same minute detail as that of the initial volume of 1589.重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线

重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线The narrative of the outward voyage Hakluyt first published under the title, 鈥淭he fourth voyage made to Virginia with three ships in the yere 1587. Wherein was transported the second Colonie.鈥 The narrator early displayed a feeling of resentment against Ferdinando, which grew in warmth as the account proceeded; and this feeling seems to have been fully justified by the captain鈥檚 conduct. He was a Spaniard by birth, and it has been conjectured that he was acting in the interest of Spain. Another explanation of his strange course is found in his differences with White on the voyage. He unquestionably lied on more than one occasion; ruthlessly abandoned one of the ships of the fleet at sea and 鈥済rieved鈥 at her reappearance with her passengers at the end of the voyage; nearly wrecked his ship off Cape Fear; and when Roanoke Island was reached refused to carry the colonists further, regardless of Raleigh鈥檚 positive directions to deliver them at Chesapeake Bay, stopping at Roanoke only long enough to take on, if found, the fifteen men left there by Grenville. He is said to have been twice before on the coast of Carolina as a pilot. He was with Captains Amadas and Barlow on their reconnoitering expedition, and his second voyage may have been with Grenville鈥檚 relief 354fleet. His name appeared among the twelve assistants to Governor White.重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线

重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线By Portingals unto the world which whilon was unknowen,重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线

重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线Best tells how this came about: 鈥淎fter his [Frobisher鈥檚] arrival in London being demanded of sundry of his friends what thing he had brought them home out of that countrey, he had nothing left to present them withall but a piece of this blacke stone. And it fortuned that a gentlewoman one of the adventurers wives to have a piece thereof, which by chance she threw and burned in the fire, so long that at length being taken forth, and quenched in a little vinegar, it glistened with a bright merquesset of golde. Whereupon the matter being called in some question, it was brought to certain Goldfiners in London to make assay thereof, who gave out that it held golde, and that very richly for the quantity. Afterwards the same Goldfiners promised great matters thereof if there were any store to be found, and offered themselves to adventure for the searching of those parts from whence the same was brought. Some that had great hope of the matter sought secretly to have a lease at her Majesties hands of those places, whereby to injoy the masse of so great a publike profit unto their owne private gaines. In conclusion, the hope of more of the same golde ore to be found kindled a greater opinion in the hearts of many to advance the voyage againe.鈥澲厍焓笔辈屎蠖椭底呤仆即進artin Frobisher was of Welsh origin, but of English birth, born in Yorkshire in about 1535. He was now a thoroughly seasoned mariner, having followed the sea from his nineteenth year, going out for a decade in yearly voyages of merchant ships sent to Africa or the Levant by Sir John and Thomas Lock; and afterward employed in the queen鈥檚 service, in 1571 off Ireland. He had before this time become 鈥渢horoughly furnished of the knowledge of the sphere and all other skilles appertaining to the arte of navigation,鈥 as the historian of his voyages, George Best, assures us, and 145as early as 1560 he had conceived a project for discovery of the short route by the Northwest to 鈥淐athay鈥 and the Indies, and had begun looking about for support for it. During the next fifteen years he schemed to this end, conferring with his 鈥減rivate friends of these secrets,鈥 importuning members of the Fellowship of English Merchants to back him, soliciting men of estate and title, and even the court. But he met little encouragement till his public service in Ireland had brought him under the favourable notice of the queen and the attention of Sir Humphrey Gilbert. At length toward the close of 1574 the queen, moved apparently by Sir Humphrey鈥檚 Discourse, still in manuscript, addressed a letter to the Fellowship of English Merchants calling upon them either to despatch an expedition to the Northwest or transfer their privileges in that direction to other adventurers: and sent this pregnant message by the hand of Frobisher. The result was the issue, February, 1575, of their license for his first voyage.

淡化妊娠纹 The king鈥檚 letter-missive defined the voyage to be purely a commercial affair. It was an expedition by sea 鈥渋nto farre Countreis to the intent that betweene our people and them a way may be opened to bring in and cary out merchandises.鈥 It was to seek in the countries that might be found heretofore unknown 鈥渁s well such things as we lacke, as also to cary unto them from our regions such things as they lacke.鈥 So 鈥渘ot onely commoditie may ensue both to them and to us, but also an indissoluble and perpetuall league of friendship be established betweene us both.鈥 Free passage was asked for the voyagers through their dominions, with the assurance that nothing of theirs should be touched by the visitors unwillingly to them; and the same hospitality that they would expect their subjects to receive should they at any time pass by the regions of the English king.重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线The first recorded English voyage having discovery with expansion of trade for its object was that of one Octher to the northward, at the close of the ninth century, about the year 890. Octher was a prosperous whale-hunter, of Heligoland in the North Sea. The special purpose of his venture was to 鈥渋ncrease the knowledge鈥 of the northern coasts and countries 鈥渇or the more commodity of fishing of horse-whales which have in their teeth bones of great price and excellence.鈥 He found what he sought, and brought home some specimens of big whalebones, which he presented to the English king. The skins of the horse-whales he reported were 鈥渧ery good to make cables for ships, and so used鈥 by the hardy dwellers on these coasts. A few years earlier Sighelmus, Bishop of Sheburne, as messenger of King 鈥淎lphred鈥 (?lfrid), bearing alms and gifts to the king of Rome, had penetrated into India, and returned to England with costly spices and divers strange and precious stones, many of which stones long after remained in the monuments of the 38church. Following Octher one Wolstan made a navigation into the sound of Denmark, of which brief account is given.重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线After he had delivered the king鈥檚 letter and a formal interchange of courtesies, the emperor invited him to dine with the court. Of this feast, at the 鈥済olden palace,鈥 and the pomp of it, we have Chancellor鈥檚 quaintly minute description:

重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线In this emergency Drake determined to reach his ships at all hazard. From trees that had been brought down a river by a recent storm he had his men construct a raft. For a sail a biscuit sack was utilized, 250and a young tree was stripped for an oar to serve instead of a rudder. Upon this rude craft he embarked with a few volunteers, and as he pushed off he comforted the company left behind with the assurance that 鈥渋f it pleased God he should put his foot in safety aboard his frigate he would, God willing, by one means or other get them all aboard despite of all the Spaniards in the Indies.鈥 He had thus sailed out into the sea some three leagues, under a parching sun and for about six hours all the while sitting up to the waist in water and at nearly every surge to the armpits, when two pinnaces were descried coming inward under a spanking breeze. As they neared they were seen to be his own pinnaces. At the sight the half-drowned raftsmen set up a shout. But they were evidently not seen by those on the pinnaces, for the boats shifted and ran into a cove beyond a point of land. Since they did not come out again Drake concluded that they were to anchor there for the night. Thereupon he piloted his shaky craft ashore, and leaping off, ran around the point and so came upon them, to the great astonishment of their occupants and his greater relief. Their masters accounted for their delay in reaching the rendezvous in telling how they had been beaten back by a heavy storm, and had been obliged to stand off to avoid the Spanish pinnaces. Drake鈥檚 companions of the raft were first succoured; and then he himself, not stopping for rest, that evening rowed to Rio Francesco, where the remainder of the company and the treasure were taken off and brought to the pinnaces. At dawn next 251morning all set sail back again to the frigate, and thence directly to the ships at Fort Diego. Upon the arrival here Drake at once divided the treasure by weight into two even portions between the English and French.THE LOST COLONY.

鈥淭he 22 we came to an anker at an Island called Santa Cruz, where all the planters were set on land, staying there till the 25 of the same moneth.鈥澲厍焓笔辈屎蠖椭底呤仆即逿he passage of the strait was successfully made in the remarkable time of sixteen days, and on the sixth of September the little fleet emerged in the sea of their desire on the 鈥渂ackside鈥 of America.重庆时时彩后二和值走势图带连线Best tells how this came about: 鈥淎fter his [Frobisher鈥檚] arrival in London being demanded of sundry of his friends what thing he had brought them home out of that countrey, he had nothing left to present them withall but a piece of this blacke stone. And it fortuned that a gentlewoman one of the adventurers wives to have a piece thereof, which by chance she threw and burned in the fire, so long that at length being taken forth, and quenched in a little vinegar, it glistened with a bright merquesset of golde. Whereupon the matter being called in some question, it was brought to certain Goldfiners in London to make assay thereof, who gave out that it held golde, and that very richly for the quantity. Afterwards the same Goldfiners promised great matters thereof if there were any store to be found, and offered themselves to adventure for the searching of those parts from whence the same was brought. Some that had great hope of the matter sought secretly to have a lease at her Majesties hands of those places, whereby to injoy the masse of so great a publike profit unto their owne private gaines. In conclusion, the hope of more of the same golde ore to be found kindled a greater opinion in the hearts of many to advance the voyage againe.鈥澲厍焓笔辈屎蠖椭底呤仆即

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鈥渢he third out of the preface of Baptista Ramusius [Giovanni Battista Ramusio] before his third volume of Navigations;

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That very day the dreaded separation occurred. Late in the afternoon a tempest suddenly arose which so lashed the sea that the ships were tossed hither and 111thither from their intended course. Above the storm on the 鈥淓dward Bonaventure鈥 was heard the loud voice of Sir Hugh calling to Captain Chancellor to keep by the admiral. But the 鈥淓speranza,鈥 bearing all sails, sped onward with such swiftness that despite all of Chancellor鈥檚 efforts to follow, she was soon out of his sight. That was the last seen of her or of Sir Hugh and his companions. Nor was the 鈥淐onfidentia鈥 again seen by the men of the 鈥淏onaventure.鈥 Both ships and their companies had passed forever from their sight; and the miserable fate of their mates was not known when they had completed their voyage and returned to England.

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This journal comprised a record of the expedition from the start to Willoughby鈥檚 occupation of the Lapland haven. It opened with a statement of the object of the voyage and its institution by Cabot and the London Merchant Adventurers; a list of the ships and 112their burden, together with the names of their companies; and the text of the oath administered to the ships鈥 masters. Then followed the log of the voyage, beginning with the departure from Ratcliffe. From this it appears that the morning after the storm which had parted the ships, the 鈥淓speranza,鈥 with the lifting of a fog, espied the 鈥淐onfidentia,鈥 and thereafter these two ships managed to keep together. Seeing nothing of the 鈥淏onaventure鈥 they started in company to reach the rendezvous at 鈥淲ardhouse.鈥 But it was not long before they lost their way. Through August and into September they sailed and drifted in various directions, northeast, south-southeast, northwest by west, west-southwest, north by east. On the fourteenth of August they discovered land in seventy-two degrees (which Hakluyt terms 鈥淲illoughbyie鈥檚 Land鈥), but could not reach it because of shoal water and much ice. At length, in the middle of September, they came upon land, rocky, high, and forbidding, apparently uninhabited; and so to the desolate Lapland haven which ultimately became their grave. Herein were found 鈥渧ery many seale fishes and other great fishes,鈥 and upon the main were seen 鈥渂eares, great deere, foxes, with divers strange beasts as guloines [or ellons, Hakluyt notes], and such other which were to us unknowen and also wonderful.鈥 Then the sad record closes:

肌底液

willful

鈥淪urely if there were in vs that desire to aduaunce the honour of our countrie which ought to bee in euery good man, wee woulde not all this while haue foreslowne [forborne] the possessing of those landes whiche of equitie and right appertaine vnto vs, as by the discourses that followe shall appeare more plainely.鈥

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On the voyage up the Chowan, Lane learned from a native monarch, 鈥淢enatonon,鈥 king of the 鈥減rovince of Chawanook,鈥 whom he had prisoner with him for two days, and described as, 鈥渇or a savage, a very grave and wise man,鈥 that by a canoe journey of three days, and overland four days to the northeast, he would come to a rich king鈥檚 country which lay upon the sea, whose place of greatest strength was an island in a deep bay. This pointed to Chesapeake Bay and Craney Island, in Hampton Roads, at the mouth of the Elizabeth River. Lane had early become satisfied that Roanoke Island, with its poor harbour and the dangerous coast, was not the fittest place for a settlement; and having Menatonon鈥檚 information he resolved 鈥渨ith himself鈥 that, should the expected supplies from England come before the end of April, and with them more boats or more men to build boats in reasonable time, he would seek out this king鈥檚 stronghold; and if the country were as represented he would move the colony to that point. This 333project was thoroughly and judiciously planned, as appears in the outline of it that he gives in his report. He would have two expeditions starting from Roanoke Island. One should go out in a small bark and two pinnaces by sea northward to find the bay, sound the bar if there were any, and to ride in the bay about the island stronghold till the other should arrive. The other, led by himself, should comprise two hundred men, taking all the small boats he could have built, and should penetrate to the head of the 鈥渞iver of Chewanook鈥 (the Chowan), and thence overland. He would have with him Indian guides whom Menatonon would provide: and that these guides would be selected from the best of Menatonon鈥檚 men he was assured, for he had cleverly retained the king鈥檚 鈥渂est beloved son,鈥 "Skyko," as his prisoner or hostage. He would, too, have this young brave keep company with him 鈥渋n a hand-locke with the rest, foote by foote all the voyage over-land.鈥滿artin Frobisher was of Welsh origin, but of English birth, born in Yorkshire in about 1535. He was now a thoroughly seasoned mariner, having followed the sea from his nineteenth year, going out for a decade in yearly voyages of merchant ships sent to Africa or the Levant by Sir John and Thomas Lock; and afterward employed in the queen鈥檚 service, in 1571 off Ireland. He had before this time become 鈥渢horoughly furnished of the knowledge of the sphere and all other skilles appertaining to the arte of navigation,鈥 as the historian of his voyages, George Best, assures us, and 145as early as 1560 he had conceived a project for discovery of the short route by the Northwest to 鈥淐athay鈥 and the Indies, and had begun looking about for support for it. During the next fifteen years he schemed to this end, conferring with his 鈥減rivate friends of these secrets,鈥 importuning members of the Fellowship of English Merchants to back him, soliciting men of estate and title, and even the court. But he met little encouragement till his public service in Ireland had brought him under the favourable notice of the queen and the attention of Sir Humphrey Gilbert. At length toward the close of 1574 the queen, moved apparently by Sir Humphrey鈥檚 Discourse, still in manuscript, addressed a letter to the Fellowship of English Merchants calling upon them either to despatch an expedition to the Northwest or transfer their privileges in that direction to other adventurers: and sent this pregnant message by the hand of Frobisher. The result was the issue, February, 1575, of their license for his first voyage.

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The course was taken toward Cape Breton with the intent to reach the mainland of North America. Eight days were spent in this navigation, all the time out of sight of land, the ships being hindered by the current. On the seventh day they fell 鈥渋nto such flats and dangers鈥 298that all barely escaped wreck, and two days later the flagship,鈥攖he 鈥淒elight,鈥濃攚ent down with most of her men and all of her cargo.They set sail on the twenty-third with a prosperous wind, but before clearing the sound were becalmed and obliged to come to anchor again. The next morning, making a fresh start, they proceeded to sea. Here they took a more southerly course to 鈥渂ring themselves the sooner into the latitude of their own climate.鈥 The wind was so strong that they lay 鈥渁 hull鈥 the first night, and had snow half a foot deep on the hatches. Three or four days later the 鈥淢ichael鈥 lost company of the other two ships, and shaping her course toward the Orkneys she arrived first in England, making port at Yarmouth. Later the 鈥淕abriel鈥 was separated from the 鈥淎yde.鈥 On the thirtieth of August, with the force of the wind and a 鈥渟urge of the sea,鈥 the 鈥淕abriel鈥檚鈥 master and the boatswain were both cast overboard. The boatswain was saved but the master lost. In the same storm, on the first of September, the 鈥淎yde鈥 was disabled, her rudder being 鈥渢orn in twain.鈥 The next day, when a calm succeeded the 175tempest, an heroic work was performed in mending the break. 鈥淭hey flung halfe a dozen couple of our best men overboard, who taking great paines under water, driving plankes and binding with ropes, did well strengthen and mend the matter.鈥 This done (it is Best鈥檚 relation) the men returned 鈥渢he most part more than halfe dead out of the water.鈥 The "Ayde" first dropped anchor in 鈥淧adstow road,鈥 Cornwall. On the twenty-third of September she was at Milford Haven, in Wales; and a month later came up to Bristol. Here the 鈥淕abriel鈥 had earlier arrived. After the loss of her master, and when she was floundering at sea, she had the good fortune to meet with a Bristol ship, which piloted her thither. Here also word was had of the first arrival of the 鈥淢ichael.鈥 Of the one hundred and twenty men comprising the whole company all reached home in safety except two鈥擬aster Smyth of the 鈥淕abriel鈥 and one of the gentlemen, who died at sea.

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